THC has been found to possess a wide range of medical properties, some of which include:
|Medical Properties of THC||Effects|
|Antiemetic||Reduces nausea and vomiting|
|Anti-spasmodic||Suppresses muscle spasms|
|Anti-inflammatory||Combats inflammatory disorders|
|Anti-oxidant||Combats neurodegenerative disorders|
|Anti-tumoral/Anti-cancer||Combats tumor and cancer cells|
|Appetite stimulant||Increases appetite|
|Sedative/Hypnotic||Promotes relaxation and sleep|
Most research on the medicinal potential of THC has involved animal models or small clinical samples. As a result, it is difficult to draw firm conclusions on its use as a treatment. But THC-based medications have been approved for specific uses in some countries.
Marinol — a synthetic THC pill — is available in the United States and various European countries. It is approved for treating nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing chemotherapy and weight loss in patients with HIV. However, Marinol has psychoactive effects similar to marijuana and has been criticized for being more potent than cannabis.
Newer cannabis-based medications, such as Sativex, have been developed by extracting ingredients from the whole plant.
Read More: 7 Proven Medical Benefits of THC
McPartland JM, Russo EB (2001), Cannabis and cannabis extracts: Greater than the sum of their parts? Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics 1: 103-32. doi: 10.1300/J175v01n03_08
Pertwee RG (2008), The diverse CB1 and CB2 receptor pharmacology of three plant cannabinoids: Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol and Δ9-tetrahydrocannabivarin. Br J Pharmacol, 153:199–215. doi: 10.1038/sj.bjp.0707442